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Gum Disease

More than 47.2% of adults aged 30 years and older have some form of periodontal disease, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Gum disease is caused by bacteria in the mouth that infects tissue surrounding the tooth, causing inflammation around the tooth. When bacteria stay on teeth for too long, they form a film called plaque, which turns into tarter. When gum disease develops it is called gingivitis. If gingivitis goes untreated it will result in periodontitis, which will result in tooth loss and other health problems.

Gingivitis

The mildest form of gum disease is gingivitis. The symptoms of gingivitis are red gums, swollen gums and often times bleeding. Gingivitis often has little pain and develops due to inadequate oral hygiene. With proper professional treatment and oral care at home, gingivitis is reversible. Factors such as: diabetes, poor diet, puberty, diabetes, aging, stress, and smoking can all contribute to the development of gingivitis.

Periodontitis

Over time, plaque can spread below the gum line. The toxins produced by bacteria in the plaque will result in irritated gums. Chronic inflammatory will develop and the tissues and bone that support teeth will be broken down and destroyed. Gums will separate from the teeth, forming pockets, which will become infected. Eventually teeth will become loose and may have to be removed.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Although gum disease may progress without pain, the condition is not entirely without warning signs.

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Receding gums
  • Tender or bleeding gums
  • Bad breath and bad taste in mouth that won’t go away
  • Painful to chew
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
  • Changes in the way your teeth fit together

Prevention and Treatment For Gum Disease

Professional treatment and good oral hygiene can help to treat and control gingivitis. Severe forms of peritonitis can successfully be treated with more extensive treatment. Treatment may include deep cleaning of the tooth root surfaces under the gums. Additionally, medications could be prescribed and constructive surgery could be performed. To help control periodontal diseases it is important for you to brush and floss everyday to remove the bacteria that cause gum disease. Most importantly, see a dentist regularly for checkups.

If you are experiencing early symptoms of gum disease, do not ignore it! Speak with a professional immediately to get the care you need. Here at Southwest Loop Dental we are committed to helping you achieve the beautiful smile you always dreamed of and sustain great oral hygiene.

Source: Centers For Disease control and Prevention

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